Spatiotemporal Oriented Energies for Spacetime Stereo (IEEE)
This paper presents a novel approach to recovering temporally coherent estimates of 3D structure of a dynamic scene from a sequence of binocular stereo images. The approach is based on matching spatiotemporal orientation distributions between left and right temporal image streams, which encapsulates both local spatial and temporal structure for disparity estimation. By capturing spatial and temporal structure in this unified fashion, both sources of information combine to yield disparity estimates that are naturally temporal coherent, while helping to resolve matches that might be ambiguous when either source is considered alone. Further, by allowing subsets of the orientation measurements to support different disparity estimates, an approach to recovering multilayer disparity from spacetime stereo is realized. The approach has been implemented with real-time performance on commodity GPUs. Empirical evaluation shows that the approach yields qualitatively and quantitatively superior disparity estimates in comparison to various alternative approaches, including the ability to provide accurate multilayer estimates in the presence of (semi)transparent and specular surfaces.
Paper available at IEEE.